(syn. Primula Littoniana)
Primula Viallii is a perennial with rosettes of soft downy leaves, and dense heads of small tubular, lilac-blue flowers in late spring and early summer.The flowers are also very fragrant, with a sweet scent that attracts bees and other pollinators. Flowers from May to June, it can be planted in full sun or partial shade. Hardy in the UK.
Primula viallii, also known as the Orchid Primrose, is a stunningly beautiful perennial plant that is native to the Himalayas in China. It belongs to the Primula genus of the Primulaceae family, which is a large and diverse group of herbaceous plants. The name “viallii” was given to the plant in honor of Pietro Vialle, an Italian botanist who collected the plant in the early 20th century.
Primula viallii is an herbaceous perennial that grows up to 30 cm in height and 30 cm in width. It has a basal rosette of leaves that are oval-shaped and pointed at the tip. The leaves are dark green in color and have a slightly hairy texture. The plant blooms in late spring or early summer, producing upright spikes of tubular flowers that are pink-purple in color with a yellow center. The flowers have a unique shape, with a narrow tube that flares out into five rounded lobes. The spikes of flowers can reach up to 30 cm in height, making for an impressive display.
The Orchid Primrose is a popular plant among gardeners, who appreciate its showy blooms and easy care. It prefers moist, well-drained soil and partial shade, making it an ideal plant for woodland gardens or shady borders. It is also an excellent plant for container gardening, as it can be grown in pots or hanging baskets.
One of the most striking features of Primula viallii is its unusual flowers. The narrow tubes of the flowers are reminiscent of orchids, hence the common name “Orchid Primrose.” The pink-purple color of the flowers is a beautiful addition to any garden, and the yellow center adds a pop of brightness. The flowers are also very fragrant, with a sweet scent that attracts bees and other pollinators.
Primula viallii is a relatively easy plant to care for, requiring only regular watering and occasional fertilization. It is susceptible to root rot, so it is important to ensure that the soil is well-drained. The plant can also be divided every few years to promote healthy growth and prevent overcrowding.
In addition to its ornamental value, Primula viallii has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. The plant contains a number of compounds that have been shown to have medicinal properties, including saponins, flavonoids, and phenolic acids. These compounds have been found to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antibacterial effects, among others.
In Chinese medicine, Primula viallii is known as “Bao Xian Cao” or “Precious Immortal Herb,” and is used to treat a variety of ailments, including coughs, fevers, and sore throats. The plant is also used in Ayurvedic medicine, where it is known as “Sitala” and is used to treat respiratory infections, fever, and inflammation.
In recent years, Primula viallii has gained popularity among gardeners and plant enthusiasts. It has been featured in several gardening magazines and has won numerous awards, including the prestigious Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. The plant has also been used in several landscaping projects, including the Chelsea Flower Show in London.
In conclusion, Primula viallii is a stunningly beautiful plant that is easy to care for and has a rich history in traditional medicine. Its unique flowers and fragrant scent make it a popular choice for gardeners, and its medicinal properties make it a valuable addition to any herbal medicine cabinet. Whether grown in a garden or in a container, the Orchid Primrose is sure to add a touch of beauty and elegance to any space.